While working as a pediatrician in Tokyo in the 1960s, Tomisaku Kawasaki came across dozens of children with an unfamiliar illness characterized by a fever and rash, as well as swelling of the hands and feet, and bloodshot eyes.

Dr. Kawasaki believed he was seeing a previously undocumented condition and wrote an academic paper in 1967 that brought it to international attention. The illness became named after him.


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