Mild coronavirus cases come with high fever and dry cough

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Hospital clinicians get into their protective equipment before testing patients for the coronavirus at Newton-Wellesley Hospital in Newton, Massachusetts on March 18, 2020.

JOSEPH PREZIOSO / Contributor/Getty Images

People that get “mild” cases of coronavirus often still experience a range of uncomfortable and even painful symptoms.

Cases in general are categorized as “asymptomatic,” “mild,” “severe,” or “critical.” Studies have found that approximately 80% of cases are mild, but that simply refers to people who don’t need to be hospitalized. Mild cases can also develop into severe cases if the viral infections worsen.

Mild COVID-19 cases are often worse than a cold or flu — they’re usually marked by fevers and dry coughs. Less common but still possible are a handful of other symptoms including fluid in the lungs, shortness of breath, headaches, muscle soreness, fatigue, and gastrointestinal symptoms.

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Recent research suggests that on average, the virus’ incubation period is about five days. Nearly 98% of patients develop symptoms within 11.5 days, though about 1% start showing symptoms after 14 days. 

If you’re experiencing symptoms of coronavirus, you should call your doctor before going to a clinic or hospital. Your doctor can then direct you about whether or not to get tested and recommend over-the-counter medications. It’s also important to self-isolate, rest, and take in lots of fluids.

Here’s how symptoms progress among typical patients day by day, according to the Chinese CDC:

  • Day 1 (after the incubation period): Patients run a fever. They may also experience fatigue, muscle pain, and a dry cough. A small minority may have had diarrhea or nausea one to two days before.
  • Day 5: Patients may have difficulty breathing — especially if they are older or have a preexisting health condition.
  • Day 8: At this point, patients with severe cases (15%, according to a study from the Chinese CDC) may develop acute respiratory distress syndrome, an illness that occurs when fluid builds up the lungs. ARDS is often fatal
  • Day 10: If patients have worsening symptoms, this is the time in the disease’s progression when they’re most likely to be admitted to the ICU. These patients probably have more abdominal pain and appetite loss than patients with milder cases. 
  • Day 17: On average, people who recover from the virus are discharged from the hospital after 2.5 weeks. 

The disease’s symptoms are more severe for older people and those with preexisting conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer.

The World Health Organization previously said the global death rate of the virus was about 3.4%, but the ratio of known deaths to confirmed cases on Sunday puts it above 4%. 

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By |2020-03-23T12:27:05+00:00March 23rd, 2020|Business|Comments Off on Mild coronavirus cases come with high fever and dry cough
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